Enable Remote Access To MySQL Database Server?

Once connected you need to edit the MySQL server configuration file my.cnf using a text editor such as vi.

  • If you are using Debian Linux file is located at /etc/mysql/my.cnf location
  • If you are using Red Hat Linux/Fedora/Centos Linux file is located at /etc/my.cnf location
  • If you are using FreeBSD you need to create a file /var/db/mysql/my.cnf
mysql serverEdit /etc/my.cnf, run:

# vi /etc/my.cnf

 Once file opened, locate line that read as follows

[mysqld] 
Make sure line skip-networking is commented (or remove line) and add following line
bind-address=YOUR-SERVER-IP
For example, if your MySQL server IP is 65.55.55.2 then entire block should be look like as follows:
[mysqld]
user            = mysql
pid-file        = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
socket          = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
port            = 3306
basedir         = /usr
datadir         = /var/lib/mysql
tmpdir          = /tmp
language        = /usr/share/mysql/English
bind-address    = 65.55.55.2
# skip-networking
....
..
....
Where,
mysql server
  • bind-address : IP address to bind to.
  • skip-networking : Don’t listen for TCP/IP connections at all. All interaction with mysqld must be made via Unix sockets. This option is highly recommended for systems where only local requests are allowed. Since you need to allow remote connection this line should be removed from my.cnf or put it in comment state.

 Save and Close the file

If you are using Debian / Ubuntu Linux, type the following command to restart the mysql server:
# /etc/init.d/mysql restart
If you are using RHEL / CentOS / Fedora / Scientific Linux, type the following command to restart the mysql server:
# /etc/init.d/mysqld restart
If you are using FreeBSD, type the following command to restart the mysql server:
# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/mysql-server stop
# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/mysql-server start

OR
# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/mysql-server restart

 Grant access to remote IP address

Connect to mysql server:
$ mysql -u root -p mysql

Grant access to a new database

If you want to add a new database called foo for user bar and remote IP 202.54.10.20 then you need to type the following commands at mysql> prompt:mysql> CREATE DATABASE foo;
mysql> GRANT ALL ON foo.* TO bar@'202.54.10.20' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD';

How Do I Grant Access To An Existing Database?

Let us assume that you are always making connection from remote IP called 202.54.10.20 for database called webdb for user webadmin, To grant access to this IP address type the following command At mysql> prompt for existing database, enter:
mysql> update db set Host='202.54.10.20' where Db='webdb';
mysql> update user set Host='202.54.10.20' where user='webadmin';

  Logout of MySQL

Type exit command to logout mysql:mysql> exit

Open port 3306

You need to open TCP port 3306 using iptables or BSD pf firewall.

A sample iptables rule to open Linux iptables firewall

/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -p tcp --destination-port 3306 -j ACCEPT
OR only allow remote connection from your web server located at 10.5.1.3:
/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -s 10.5.1.3 -p tcp --destination-port 3306 -j ACCEPT
OR only allow remote connection from your lan subnet 192.168.1.0/24:
/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -s 192.168.1.0/24 -p tcp --destination-port 3306 -j ACCEPT
Finally save all rules (RHEL / CentOS specific command):
# service iptables save

A sample FreeBSD / OpenBSD pf rule ( /etc/pf.conf)

pass in on $ext_if proto tcp from any to any port 3306
OR allow only access from your web server located at 10.5.1.3:
pass in on $ext_if proto tcp from 10.5.1.3 to any port 3306  flags S/SA synproxy state

 Test it

From your remote system or your desktop type the following command:
$ mysql -u webadmin –h 65.55.55.2 –p